COP stands for “conference of the parties.” The COP is held every year, unless the parties decide otherwise. In this time, countries come together for two weeks to discuss and decide what they as a country can do towards the climate.
Every year there are different host’s, this year the responsibility was given to Chile. The country in South America, famous for it’s many poets and with a population of 18.05 million. Sadly Chile could not host the event this year, due to political turmoil. Despite that they are still the host but Spain stepped in to hold the event.
The Paris climate agreement, what is it?
The Paris agreement is a deal signed by nearly 200 countries in 2015. The Paris climate agreement is a plan to limit global warming to less than 2°C above average pre-industrial temperatures. The countries that signed the agreement’s aim is to reach the lower target of 1.5°C if possible. This is the average temperature since we started burning fossil fuels around 200 years ago. Burning fossil fuels releases carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, which causes the planet to get hotter a lot quicker than usual. The countries that have agreed to the Paris agreement do not want the climate to get hotter than 2°C.
The slogan this year is “Time to act”
The things to expect from this year’s COP include:
- 2°C VS 1.5°C. Scientists have discovered that if we want to keep below 1.5°C we need to reach zero net carbon emissions by 2050. This means that we absorb as much carbon dioxide as we emit.
- Which countries will step up their game? This may cause divides between countries of whom want to do more for the climate and who don’t. In the September UN climate summit 68 countries wanted to do more to the climate unfortunately those 68 countries only make up 8% of global emissions.
- Blue COP.
- This year people are calling the conference of the parties, the blue cop. At the moment oceans are not considered in the climate change policy but that could change. Oceans absorb 3/4 of the carbon emissions absorbing 1/ quarter of the CO2 emitted by humans. If we don’t do anything the ice will melt and the sea will rise more than it already has s it will also cause global weather patterns.
Now you know what the COP is and why it’s happening all you need to know is when the the COP is taking place, it is happening from the 2nd to the 13th of December.
So spread the word!